Use of e-cigarette across the globe is getting popular, especially among the youth. In 2016 the United State Surgeon General revealed a 900% increase in e-cigarette usage among high school students between 2011 and 2015.
Although, e-cigarette vapour undoubtedly does not contain the same forms of carcinogenic compounds as usual cigarette smoke, there is a increasing body of research to say “vaping” could have its own kind of special harmful effects.
A recent study from researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has published their discoveries guessing that e-cigarette use can activate immune reaction in the lung that can add to inflammatory lung infection.
The study experimented 44 sputum specimen from e-cigarette users, recent cigarette smokers, and non-smokers. Among the e-cigarette-using group, a clear upsurge in neutrophil granulocyte- and neutrophil-extracellular-trap (NET)-related proteins was recorded.
The study found that as neutrophils are important in fighting pathogens, they also are well-known to add to lung infections and conditions like COPD and cystic fibrosis.
The study also found same increases in particular biomarkers in connection with lung disease among e-cigarette and cigarette smokers.
A rise in mucin 5AC, a mucus secretion linked to chronic bronchitis and asthma, was also discovered in both e-cigarette and cigarette smokers.
It is critical to note that this experiment wasn’t large and limited, the authors stating the fact that many of the e-cigarette group were ex-cigarette users which makes it uneasy to apparently establish if these outcome were only associated to e-cigarette use.
The main rationale to consider here though is that a lot of past studies have largely tested the harm of e-cigarettes in association to the fatal attribute of cigarettes, potentially ignoring the special or novel methods e-cigarettes may cause harm.
“You comparing the damage of e-cigarettes with cigarettes is a more like comparing apples to oranges,” says Dr. Mehmet Kesimer, senior author of the current experiment. “Our data reveals that e-cigarettes have a form of damage in the lung that is both alike and unique, which hinders the idea that swapping from cigarettes to e-cigarettes is a healthier option.”
The long-term adverse effects of e-cigarettes are just now about to be obvious and while they probably do not cause the same form of damage as cigarettes, the thought that they’re a “healthy” option could be wrong. The only standing healthy choice to cigarette smoking is to just don’t smoke at all.
Refer to the source journal : American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.